ANARCHIST AND AUTONOMOUS MARXIST GEOGRAPHIES

ACME é um jornal on-line de análise critica do social, espacial e político. Já com uma década de existência, disponibiliza toda a informação gratuitamente através de uma licença Creative Commons.

O seu último volume intitula-se Anarchist and Autonomous Marxist Geographies e é organizado pela dupla Nathan Clough e Renata Blumberg, ambos do departamento de Geografia da University of Minnesota.

O retorno destes temas à academia deriva das experiências do Occupy e Indignados, sendo que o volume em causa tenta recentrar os conceitos de Anarquismo, Autonomia e Marxismo à luz do rescaldo de uma luta em que o Espaço tornou-se central.

Destacamos alguns dos artigos deste volume:

Organizing for Survival: From the Civil Rights Movement to Black Anarchism through the Life of Lorenzo Kom’boa Ervin
Nik Heynen e Jason Rhodes

O artigo centra-se na construção do Black Anarchism a partir das experiências de organização comunitária do movimento dos Direitos Civis e a partir da obra de Lorenzo Kom´boa Ervin.

At the level of praxis, the Civil Rights and anarchist traditions are very close in several important ways. For instance, summing up those key features central to the organizing successes of the Civil Rights Movement, Payne (1995: 364) suggests that “In the late sixties and early seventies, the themes of the community organizing tradition—the development perspective, an emphasis on building relationships, respect for collective leadership, for bottom-up change, the expansive sense of how democracy ought to operate in everyday life, the emphasis on building for the long haul, the anti-bureaucratic ethos, the preference for addressing local issues— were reflected in varying combinations…”
p.394


Pierpaolo Mudu 

Exprime o que sugere, Pierpaolo Mudu procura os espaços de intersecção entre a autonomia e o anarquismo em Itália.
Sugere-se  que a partir dos anos 80, com a difusão dos Centros Sociais, as práxis autónomas e anarquistas começaram a assemelhar-se. O autor sugere que as mesma devem convergir novamente para melhor enfrentarem os desafios actuais.


(...) the 1985 squatting campaign done in Rome and Milan marked a threshold and the birth of a second generation of squatting movements. Examples of squatting from other European countries were also discussed, but the movement had its peculiarity in absorbing and combining a novel generation of “activists”. In fact, a new generation of anarchists, mostly punks, intersected with autonomists to become an important actor in squatting and discussing politics (De Sario, 2009). The punk movement was born as a radical critique of all standardized rules of life, using transgressive looks, behavior, music and featuring a rejection of political involvement with the simultaneous development of a political consciousness (Philopat, 2006).
p.419


Counter (Mapping) Actions: Mapping as Militant Research 
Craig Dalton e Liz Mason-Deese

Ambos os autores fazem parte do colectivo Counter Cartographies. O texto apresenta as teorias que impulsionaram a criação do colectivo e ainda evocações militantes através do mapeamento.

Even as we draw on critical cartography and other cases of counter-mapping, autonomous cartography constitutes a distinct form of counter-mapping through our combination of autonomous theory, militant research and mapping. In this paper, we explore constitutive influences on 3Cs and our own militant countermapping experiences. We begin with a review of the theoretical basis of autonomous cartography as a form of critical cartography and counter-mapping. Next, we introduce the key concepts and practices of autonomous politics and militant research through the examples of Colectivo Situaciones, Precarias a la Deriva and Hackitectura. In the second half of the paper, we review 3Cs’ founding conditions and two of our maps. Finally, we conclude by examining the methods and impacts of our mappings. 
 p.440
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